The "Princess" of Urdzhar
The sensational artifact was founded in Urzhar Area of Eastern Kazakhstan oblast during excavations one of the barrows by the Kazakhstan archeologists, appeared in a zone of reconstruction of Taskesken-Bakta Highway. Research works were carried out by the Institute of Archaeology named by A.Kh. Margulan.
Remains of the young woman of a notable origin under a barrow embankment in a stone sarcophagus under massive granite plates, depth level on - 1,70 m were researched. In the chamber with the buried ceramic and wooden vessels and bones of a sacrificial animal – remains of a sheep were found. Remains of fabric of clothes of blue and green color remained on bones of a human skeleton. Old earrings and a stone altar - indispensable attribute of female burials of that time were found at the head of buried woman.The greatest value is represented by the peaked gold headdress ornamented with vegetable patterns and a zoomorphism ornament. The top part, decorated with a spiral from a gold wire has a headdress also arrow-shaped. The lower part of a product was decorated by ancient jewelers (zergers) with corrugated suspension brackets. In a form and an ornamental embodiment, the find reminds national Kazakh female headdresses saukele and borik. Similar headdresses as it is supposed were accessory of a full dress of Saka tribes of Kazakhstan. The similar find in Kazakhstan is known only in the well-known Issyk barrow relating to the same time, as the burial in the Urdzhar area. The "Princess" from Urdzhar is preliminary dated back to the IV-III centuries BC.