National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Flag is one of the most significant attributes of National Symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular cloth of blue color with the image of the Sun with sunbeams in the center, under which there is a soaring eagle. Near the flagstaff there is a national ornament in the form of vertical stripe. The image of the Sun, its beams, eagle and national ornament has golden color. The ratio of the Flag’s breadth and length is 1:2. Blue Flag with golden national ornament on the left, golden Sun and soaring silhouette of eagle in the center is a symbol of freedom, independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The one-colour background is a symbol of the Kazakhstan’s unity.
Blue color is a traditional to Turkic people. For the Flag it means infinity of the sky over the earth and human beings, as well as a symbol of overall well-being, tranquility, peace and unity. The Sun is the source of life and energy. Therefore the silhouette of the Sun is a symbol of life. For nomad time is determined by the movement of the Sun. According to the law of heraldry, the image of the Sun is a symbol of wealth and abundance. The hawk or a golden eagle in accordance with the world outlook of the people of Kazakhstan takes a special place; it is a symbol of freedom, independence and desire for a goal, a height and flight to the future. In terms of symbolism silhouette of eagle means state power, breadth and insight. On the left side, along the flagstaff, there is a national ornament symbolizing the culture and traditions of Kazakhstan.
The author of the Flag is artist Shaken Niyazbekov.
The Day of the RK’s National Symbols Adoption
National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The Emblem is one of the main National Symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan was approved by the Constitutional Law «On State symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan». According to the Law, the Emblem is the image of shanyrak on a blue background, while framed by wings of mythical horses rafters in the form of sunbeams ran off the shanyrak. At the top of the Emblem there is a five-pointed star, which is a sacred symbol of ancient Turks, while the inscription «Kazakhstan» is at the bottom. There are two colours of the image which are golden and deep blue. Shanyrak, the upper vaulted domeloke part of a yurt looking like a vault of heaven, symbolizes father’s home, the world and the universe. Shanyrak’s image on the State Emblem of the Republic is a symbol of the common home for all people living in Kazakhstan. Horse is a partner of nomads during their life; the whole economic and spiritual activity is closely related to it. Winged horses (combination of Pegasus and Unicorn) represent the aspirations for a strong and prosperous state. They also demonstrate the pure thoughts and strong wish to improve and achieve harmony in society, with the nature and world civilization. Five-pointed star expresses the desire of Kazakhs to join the community of nations and peoples from all five continents of the earth. The authors of the National Emblem are Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shota Aman Ualikhan.
Schematic sketch of the National Emblem of the RK
National Anthem of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The Anthem is an official symbol of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is considered to be a musical equivalent of National Emblem and Flag. The emotional core of the National Anthem of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the pathos, passionate inspiration, elation, uniting people in their patriotism and devotion to the Motherland. The Anthem is played in the following cases: Inauguration of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan after adjuration; opening and closing sessions of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan; opening of the formal meetings and sessions dedicated to the national and state holidays of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as other ceremonial events; hoisting the National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan during the ceremonies, celebrations and sports events conducted by state authorities and public associations and other organizations of the Republic of Kazakhstan; welcoming of foreign states heads visiting the Republic of Kazakhstan with state or official visits, after the performance of a national anthem of the respective foreign state; and in other cases stipulated by the Constitutional Law «On State symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan».
The authors of the first version of the Anthem were M. Alimbayev, K. Myrzaliev, T. Moldagaliev, Zh. Daribayeva. It was used the melody of the National Anthem of the Kazakh SSR composed by M. Tulebayeva, Ye. Brusilovsky, L. Khamidi. In the history of Independent Kazakhstan the National Anthem was adopted twice: in 1992 and 2006. The song «My Kazakhstan» («Менің Қазақстаным»), wrote in 1956, became a new Anthem. The authors of the song are Sh. Kaldayakov and Zh. Nazhimedenov. The President of the republic of Kazakhstan N. A. Nazarbayev edited the text of the song to strengthen the authority and solemnity of the National Anthem.
Anthem’s draft was edited by the Head of State
translated by I.KUZMENKOJune 4, 2014