«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future»
N.A.Nazarbayev

In 1739, a letter was written to the department of external affairs of Tsarist Russia "On permission to move the Kazakhs to the banks of the Zhayik River"

In 1739, a letter was written to the department of external affairs of Tsarist Russia "On permission to move the Kazakhs to the banks of the Zhayik River"
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