The constitutional law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On the state independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan" laid the foundation of independence of Kazakhstan. Such legal questions and processes as the rights and freedoms of natural persons, political stability, division of the power, an international consent and other important democratic aspects found reflection in this law.
Declaration of the real sovereignty gave the chance to the external countries to recognize us.
The declaration on the state sovereignty and the Constitutional law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On the state independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan" became a basis for the Constitution of our country. These two documents are legal basis for carrying out the appropriate reforms in political and socioeconomic spheres.
The Constitutional law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On the state independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan" indeed is considered milestone document. This law was adopted on December 16, 1991.
In its first chapter "The Republic of Kazakhstan — the independent state" is written:
"Article 1. The Republic of Kazakhstan — the independent, democratic and constitutional state. It possesses all completeness of the power in the territory, independently defines and pursues domestic and foreign policy.
Article 2. The Republic of Kazakhstan builds the relations with all states on the principles of international law.
Article 3. The Republic of Kazakhstan is open for recognition of its state independence by other states.
Article 4. The Constitution and laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and also norms of international law recognized by it acts on all territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 5. The territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the existing boundaries is integral, indivisible and inviolable".
The law "On the State Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan" consists of 7 chapters.
Thus, on October 16, 1991 the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan, expressing the will of the people of Kazakhstan, recognizing a priority of the rights and personal freedoms affirmed in the Universal declaration of human rights, other universally recognized norms of international law, confirming the right of the Kazakh nation for self-determination, proceeding from determination of creation of civil society and the constitutional state, realizing peace-loving foreign policy, declaring the commitment to the principle of non-proliferation of the nuclear weapon and to disarmament process, solemnly declared the state independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Materials from the book "A modern history of Kazakhstan: Crisis and failure of the Soviet system" Doctors of Historical Sciences, Professor Burkitbay Ayagan, 2012, Volume 1, p.107.