This day in the year of the end of the Second World War, the UN Charter officially came into force.
But the very creation of the UN was held in several stages.
The name "United Nations" was first used by US President Franklin Roosevelt at a meeting on January 1, 1942; its goal was to strengthen the coalition of 26 states fighting together against Nazism.
In February 1945, the "Big Three" Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin came to a decision to create an organization that would support peace and security on the planet.
In April 1945, delegates from 50 countries came to San Francisco to attend a conference on the establishment of an international organization to prepare the UN Charter, which was to approach the interests of all countries.
The conference lasted three months. Then, in honor of Franklin Roosevelt, who died a couple of weeks before the formal approval of the Charter, the conference participants adopted the designation "United Nations".
In the preamble of the Charter, the main message of the United Nations is to "save succeeding generations from the scourge of war".
The goals of the UN are to preserve peace and security in the world, to eliminate threats to peace, to prevent acts of aggression, to resolve international conflicts peacefully, to establish friendly atmosphere between countries on the basis of recognition of the principles of equality, respect for each people and their self-identification. The organization promotes the development of international relations in socio-economic, cultural and political spheres; protects human rights and freedom, regardless of nationality, gender and confessional beliefs.
Kazakhstan in the UN
December 16, 1991 the Republic of Kazakhstan gained independence, and together with other opportunities our country could now take part in international organizations. Soon the Republic began to prepare for joining the UN. In the same month, a special representative of Kazakhstan was sent to the United Nations to prepare the country's accession to the membership of an international organization and to represent its interests among other members of the Organization. He met with the ambassadors of America, China, France, the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, India, Belgium, Egypt, Nigeria, Brazil; these countries reacted positively to Kazakhstan's initiative to join the UN.
In January 1992, the Security Council recommended that Kazakhstan be admitted to the UN. The General Assembly, after considering the application of the Republic of Kazakhstan on admission to membership of the Organization, decided to accept the Republic as a member of the United Nations.
So Kazakhstan joined the UN, which once again reinforced its status as a country that wants to ensure peace and harmony in the world, as well as the security of the entire population.
A solemn ceremony was held at the entrance to the headquarters of the international organization in honor of the accession of new countries to the UN. Flags were raised, and the proud symbol of independent Kazakhstan solemnly flared up with the flags of other states. The Republic of Kazakhstan became the 168th member of the United Nations.
Within the framework of the 47th session of the UN General Assembly, the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev voiced the idea of creating an institution that will support the security of the Asian contingent. The result of this was the formation of the CICA.
Kazakhstan's membership in the United Nations has consolidated the centuries-old desire of the Kazakh people for peace, freedom and security. It means recognizing the significant role of our country in the world arena and encouraging its social, political, economic initiatives aimed at maintaining an atmosphere of mutual trust and understanding. Kazakhstan, having joined the UN, was able to successfully integrate into the world community and function in it.
Translated by Raushan MAKHMETZHANOVA