«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future»
N.A.Nazarbayev

The birthday of Toraygyrov Sultanmakhmut

The birthday of Toraygyrov Sultanmakhmut

Sultanmakhmut Toraygyrov was born in a herder family. His mother died when he was one year old.
He completed madrasa (1908–1910).

At the end of 1912 Toraygyrov moved to Troitsk and entered the Rasuliya Muslim school: he studied sciences and Russian language; read Lermontov, Pushkin and Krylov. In July 1913 he left school because of the disease and started teaching children in aul (village). Since 1913 worked as a secretary on the editing staff of the first Kazakh magazine "Aykap". His first sketches were published there. His collected works were published during the Soviet time.

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