«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future»
N.A.Nazarbayev

Хронология

Achievement of independence
Almaty declaration of CIS is signed
Acceptance of the Declaration on Kazakh SSR state sovereignty
Dissolution of the Central Committee of Kazakh SSR Communist party
1991, August 18-21. August putsch
The decree of the President closed the Semipalatinsk nuclear range.