The Constitution of 1936 legislate the creation of the Union Republics that were part of the USSR.
The Constitution of 1936 legislate the creation of the
Union Republics that were part of the USSR. Originally, there were 4 Republics
within the USSR (1922) (RSFSR, Ukraine, Belarus and the Transcaucasian
Federation). In 1936 there were already 7 Union Republics. And according to the
Constitution of 1936 – 11. The Kazakh SSR was formed among the others.
J. Stalin highlighted 3 main features (conditions),
the presence of which will give the opportunity to convert the Autonomous
Republics into the Union Republics:
should be located in the outskirts of the USSR, and should not be surrounded by
the territory of the USSR in order to have the opportunity to put the question
of its secession from the USSR while still being a part of the union.
Theindigenous population of the Soviet Republic should prevail within the
territory of this Republic
should not be very small in terms of its population, not less than a million
people, in order to protect the national independence
The draft of the Constitution of the Kazakh SSR was
discussed on February-March 1937. The Special Congress of Soviets of Kazakhstan
approved the Constitution of the Kazakh SSR on March, 26 1937.
The social structure:
Article 1. The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic is a
socialist state of workers and peasants.
Article 2. The political foundation of the Kazakh SSR is
based on the Soviet Deputies of Workers.
Article 3. The economic basis of the Kazakh SSR is the
socialist economic system and the socialist ownership of tools and means of
Article 4. The
Socialist property in the Kazakh SSR has either a form of a state property (the
weal of the whole people), or the form of the collective farm property (the property
of collective farms, the property of cooperative societies).
The State structure:
The Kazakh SSR voluntarily merged with other equal
The Kazakh SSR ensures the human rights instead of
the Soviet Union, represented by its highest bodies of state authority; the
rights are defined in the Article 14 of the Constitution of the USSR.
highest agencies of State power of the Kazakh SSR.
The Supreme Soviet of the
Kazakh SSR is the highest agency of state authority in the Kazakh SSR; it is
elected for 4 years. The Supreme Soviet elects the Presidium and forms a
government - TRC, which is the highest executive and administrative agency of
The local authorities:
The Soviet Deputies of Workers are the main public
authorities in the regions, towns and villages.
The Executive committees are the main executive bodies
of the Soviet.
The democratic rights and freedoms are guaranteed by
the Constitution. It pointed to the remnants of the past.
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