«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future»
N.A.Nazarbayev

Armenians and their kinship with the Kazakh people

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Armenians and their kinship with the Kazakh people
The words of Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev about the need to determine the historical role of Kazakhs in the formation of the peoples of the Eurasian continent speak about his wisdom, that he understands the existence of such historical truth. But to determine the role of Kazakhs in the history of the continent we need to trace the history of neighboring nations.

The "Secret History of Kazakhs" Turkic origin of the Armenian people is also confirmed by the works of Kumyk researcher and publicist Murad Aji. His work "The Breath of Armageddon" says:

"In a part of the armies (a lot of them!), the same genetic memory, the same blood that's in us is taking a nap. Let's say, I was curious about the observations of the Ukrainian Orientalist, Academician A.E. Krymsky, who almost a century ago noted the similarity of the "old" Armenian language with the language of Crimean Tatars. The academician mentioned the works of other scientists (Jean Denis and Tadeusz Kovalevsky) who compared the "old" Armenian language with the language of "Codex Cumanicus". Isn't the work of Alexander Garkavets, who has published the texts of "old" Armenian prayers, interesting? They are in Turkic, so the author called his work "Kipchak written heritage". ...Perfect work, if it weren't for the comments ahead. And in Armenia itself there are ancient books written in Armenian graphics, but in Turkic. It seems that not Syrian, but still Turkic language was used by the armies, since prayers were written in it in early Armenia. Let me remind you that the kings of Armenia were Turks of the Arshakid family. Almost all noble Armenian genera had Turkic roots, which is noted in the genealogies. And look at the toponyms of today's Armenia, at the abundance of Turkic words in its language. There's one thing... How do you get past these obvious facts? I saw with my own eyes the seal of the Arshakids in Tehran, their coins and gems, there are clear Turkic runes, they, in my opinion, put everything in its place, they just need to be seen, at least to judge the mechanism of the emerging policy of the Turks and armies in the III century".

Some Armenians consider themselves descendants of the legendary ancient Aryans. Historical records confirm this conclusion by the fact that Armenians before Christian era worshipped Ares and still call themselves descendants of the Aryans. In order to understand the connection between the ancient Aryans and the Armenian nation, it is necessary to dwell on the history of the Aryans who lived in the IV-II millennium BC.

A study of the collections of the first known monument of Indian literature "Rigveda" and the oldest monument of ancient Iranian literature "Avesta" showed that the word "Aryan" originally meant "invaders" or "strangers" for the indigenous peoples of the conquered territory. Later, the word "Arius" began to refer to the master or master. Historians unanimously admit that the Aryan tribe led a nomadic life, and written monuments indicate that the real homeland of the Aryans was located to the north, where "real cold winters". Based on these data, we come to the conclusion that the Aryans themselves were invaders who came from the northern regions and most likely from the territory of the modern Kazakh and Mongolian steppes.

At the same time, in the IV-III millennia BC, at the junction of modern Iraq, Turkey, Iran and Syria there was the Sumerian culture. Olzhas Suleimenov in his book "AZiYA" gave convincing evidence that in "Sumerian cuneiform inscriptions" there are a lot of words, in sound and in sense resembling Kazakh words.

In the second millennium BC Ancient Greece and Troy composed myths about gods and one of the strongest gods created by them was considered Ares, the god of war. According to ancient Greek myths, the homeland of Ares is Phoenician, located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, i.e. the territory of Sumerians. It turns out that ancient Greek Ares is of Sumerian origin. The same Greek myths speak of Ares as a "strong and handsome man". Here one should remember the Kazakh word "Arys", which means "stately and strong". Undoubtedly, the people of the Aryan tribe had a tall, strong body and fierce fighting spirit, which allowed them to conquer "half the world". The fear of the Aryans was so great that they became the prototype of the almighty god of war of ancient Greek mythology. A little later, those people who were in the circles of the ruling class with a noble origin began to be called "Aristocrats" and this name with a similar meaning was used by all languages of the world. Here we see parallels with the Indo-Iranian word "arias" and the Greek word "aristocrat". The Indo-Iranian population recognizes the people of the Aryan tribe as "masters", the ancient Greeks recognize the people of the ruling class with noble origin as "masters", calling them "aristocrats". 

Thus, we conclude that the Sumerians, whose cuneiform writings were written in Turkic, and the invaders of the Indo-Iranian regions are directly connected with the nomadic Aryans, who conquered the territories up to the borders of Ancient Greece in the 4th millennium BC. The Turkic-speaking Sumerians and their connection with the Aryans allows to conclude that the Aryans should also be considered a Turkic-speaking people, presumably coming from the territory of modern Kazakhstan and Mongolia. In this case, the Turkic origin of the Aryans obliges us to call them the Arys tribe. There is no question why the river in the territory of modern South Kazakhstan region is called Arys and why the genealogy of Kazakh people originates from Bekarys, Zhanarys, Akarys. In addition, perhaps the stature and strength of the Aryan ancestors was a prototype for the Kazakh name of the king of beasts "Arystan". ("lion") 

One millennium later, i.e. in the III millennium BC, Chinese sources wrote that in those Mongolian steppes lived a tribe "Hun-yu" ("hun uy"), and in the mountain forests of Central China and Xinjiang lived a people "jundi". It turns out that a millennium after the Arys tribe, their former territories of settlement are inhabited by two peoples: the Hun (Honir) people occupied the territory of the steppes of Mongolia, and the Jundi people - forested mountains between Central China and Xinjiang. The unsightly dense forests with weak sunlight, foggy, mountainous terrain have formed the appearance of the jundi, showing their red hair color and blue eyes. In addition, it is no secret that the majority of "mountain peoples" have a thick hair on their faces. This explains why the steppe people "Honir" (Hun) called them "Jundi". It turns out that the Aryans living in the mountainous area called the steppe Aryans "konyr" ("brown"), and the latter called the mountain Aryans "jundi" ("hairy"). And these names are fixed for these "yesterday's Arys-Aryans."

Ancient Greek historian Herodotus wrote that in the first millennium BC the peoples living in Central Asia and modern Kazakhstan, the Persians called the Sakas, and the Greeks called the Scythians. He also said that this Sako-Scythian people worshipped Ares and the "special sword" through which the captive sacrifice rite was performed. In turn, in later centuries, Kazakhs called their best swords "Aldaspan" ("aldy" - accepted, "aspan" - the sky), which means "sky accepted". This creates parallels with the special Sako-Scythian sword for the prisoner's sacrifice to the Heavenly God. It turns out that the Sako-Scythian people sincerely believed in the fact that through the holy sword Heaven accepts their offering, which later took the name "Aldaspan". The name of the sword "Aldaspan" was formed in ancient times by the Sako-Scythian people, which indicates the community of Kazakhs and their language with the Sako-Scythian people. Herodotus, among other things, pointed out that the Sako-Scythian people worshipped the name Ares. This can be interpreted as a tradition of people worshiping the spirits of their ancestors, the Arys tribe. These traditions of ancestor worship clearly demonstrate the involvement of the Sako-Scythians in the descendants of the ancient tribe Arys. In addition, going deeper into the history of Ancient Greece, we will remember the famous work of Lucian of Samosata (ca. 120-190 AD) "Toksaris and Friendship", which tells the story of the life of a Scythian named Toksaris. History also remembers the Scythian Anakaris (620-555 BC), whom Herodotus and Strabo recognized as 'one of the seven great scientists'. In favour of a direct link between the Sako-Scythian people and the ancient Aryans are the names of these famous Scythians: "Toksaris" - "Togyz-arys" ("nine aris"), "Anakaris" - "Anyk-arys" ("real aris").   All these facts emphasize the fact that the Sak Scythians are descendants of the ancient tribe of Arys-Arys. Thus, it can only say that the descendants of the Arys-Arys tribe are the Hun, Sako-Scythian and Jundi-Uysun peoples.

So, a part of the Arys tribe in the east beyond Tarbagatai became the basis of two peoples, the Huns and Jundi, and a part of the tribe remaining west of Tarbagatai, in the territory of modern Kazakhstan and Central Asia, became the basis of the Sak people.

But these are not the only parts of the Great Steppe, where, according to scientists, the nomadic tribe Arys settled. For example, between the 2nd century B.C. and the 4th century A.D. in Greco-Roman sources, the tribe Arys in the steppes of Transcaucasia and in the nearby steppes of the Black Sea increasingly appears as the tribe "Aors", which went down in history as part of the Sako-Scythian people. The matter is that before the beginning of our era Sakan tribes of Albans and Sybans, who came there from southern regions of modern Kazakhstan, settled on the territory of Transcaucasia. That is why Transcaucasia was called Albania in historical chronicles until the fifth century. As for the presence of the Syban tribes in Transcaucasia, there is Lake Svan on the territory of Armenia, and the Svan ethnos is part of the Georgian population. Besides, Azerbaijanis have a nomadic family of shaksevan ("saksyban"). In the European steppes closer to the Black Sea, other Sakic tribes of Sirak and Pagan (Uzig) also appeared everywhere before the beginning of our era. All these tribes (Albanian, Syban, Sirak, Pagan) belonged to the Sako-Scythian people, so historians considered the local Aryan Aryans to be a Sako-Scythian tribe, and some consider them to be part of the Sarmatians (most likely the Sarmatians themselves are part of the Sako-Scythian people). Thus, a part of the ancient people of the Arys, who inhabited these lands since the IV-III millennium BC, was not accepted as the original ethnos that gave birth to the Saks, but as a separate tribe of Sako-Scythian origin. In the sources, the Aors tribe is divided into "upper Aorses" and "lower Aorses".

As is known, the ancient rulers of Armenians from the Arransh dynasty are part of the ruling dynasty of the Parthian kingdom. It was under the leadership of the Arranshah dynasty that the Armenian ethnos known to us began to be formed. It is therefore necessary to go deeper into the history of the emergence of the Parthian kingdom. 

L. Gumilev wrote: "As if by some powerful push the steppe peoples were set in motion in the middle of III century BC". It was at that time that the tribes that came from Xinjiang created the Parthian kingdom, and the Sarmatians who left Central Asia conquered the western steppes near the Black Sea. It turns out that "gone west" in the III century BC (if we believe the Chinese sources) Junds at that time conquered the territory of Central Asia and founded the kingdom of Parthia with a ruling dynasty of the tribe "Arin". 

"Caucasian Albania is an ancient state that emerged at the end of the 2nd and middle of the 1st centuries BC in eastern Transcaucasia, occupying part of the territory of modern Azerbaijan, Georgia and Dagestan. The genealogical legend about an origin of the first royal dynasty of Albania - Arsanshakhs - informs Movses Kalankatuatsi. The Arshakid dynasty was the junior branch of the Parthian Arshakids and together with the Arshakid dynasties of neighbouring Armenia and Iberia it formed the Pan-Arshakid family federation. History of Caucasian Albania.    

Jundi, having conquered the territory of Central Asia and conquered the Sak people, founded the Parthian kingdom. The Iranians indiscriminately called all the tribes that inhabited the conquered Jundi territory of Central Asia "Sakami". They perceived the Jundian tribe Arin as part of the Saks as well, so they called them "aransaks". In Transcaucasia, this name was established as "aranshaq". At the time of the Parthian kingdom, the Saki, namely the Albanian and Syban tribes, came to Transcaucasia and took root there together with the Arys (Aors) tribe inhabiting the territory. Because of the large number of the tribe Albanian Transcaucasia up to the V century was called Albania, and ruled by the clan Aran.

When Hunnish Alan tribes began conquering Transcaucasia in the 1st century, the rulers of Transcaucasian Albania "arinsaks" (aransaks-arshakids) partially lost power in Transcaucasia and concentrated their forces closer to the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus. Thus, they began to form a future Armenian nation from the Arys, Albans, Sybans and other local ethnoses under their control.

"Of great importance are the works of the Roman historian and eminent statesman Flavius Arrian, who ruled the Cappadocia between 131 and 137. In 135 A.D. Arrian "reflects" the Alan raid. As a result of the "clash with the Alans" Arrian's interest in his opponents was born, and he dedicated the events of 135 "Disposition against the Alans". In "Tactics", the historian mentions horsemen armed with darts and attacking in Alanian manner, wedge-shaped structures of nomadic cavalry, as well as military badges in the form of dragons. Banners "not only cause pleasure or horror, but are also useful for distinguishing the attack and so that different units do not attack one another. The history of the Sarmatians.

In the 4th century Transcaucasia was conquered by the Hung-Hun tribe of Savir-juns, so the dynasty of "arinsaks" (aransaks) with their subordinate people were forced to move to the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus. Armenian historians explain this fact to environmental problems of that century. In fact, the reason for the resettlement of a whole people in the mountainous region of modern Armenia most likely was the onslaught of the Savir-Juzhan conquerors. 

Russian historians claim that the Kingdom of Savir inhabited the North Caucasus. However, Prokopiya's chronicles show that the Iberian people arrived in Transcaucasia from the Central Asian steppes. That is, the people of Ivir in the annals of Procopius and the people of the Savirs, recognized by scientists, who came from our steppes, are the same people. Georgian and Russian historians consider the kingdom of Ivyr in the writings of Prokopia to be the first Georgian principality, and Georgians themselves at the time were called zhurzan. It is known that Hun rulers and Savirs came to Caucasus in IV century. At the time of Zhuzhan Khaganate the Caspian Sea was called "Zhuzhan". If so, the Kingdom of Savir was founded by the journals, the main population of the Kingdom of Savir. Their descendants, "jurzhan-jurzan" Georgians originally lived on their territory, never inhabited the North Caucasus and Dagestan. This means that the Kingdom of Savir existed in Transcaucasia.

"According to the data of K.M. Aliyev, the first among the kings of Gunnia could have been Tedrehon. It is mentioned in the first decade of the IV century in the "History of Taron" by Zenob Gluck under the name "King of the North Tedrehon". The barsil troops he led invaded Albania through the Caspian Passage. There were Bazuk and Kursikh from the tsarist family who led the troops invading Transcaucasia in 395. Both of them were "members of the royal Hunnish clan". The Hun Empire.

"People, neighboring the country of Alan, are called Abkhazian. Abkhazians profess Christianity and now have their king, but the king of Alan dominates them. They live near Mount Kabh. The kingdom of Jurzia (Georgia) adjoins them. It's a big people, they're Christians, and they call them jurzans". History of Shirvan and al Baba/al Masudi.   

Thus, the Hun tribe of Savir-Juzhan who conquered Transcaucasia became the main reason for the resettlement of Armenians in the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus, who adopted the Christian faith at the end of III century and began to form a separate ethnos.

The ancestors of Armenians had time to adopt Christianity in ancient Greek at the end of III century, i.e. the people subordinated to the Arynsak (aranshaq) dynasty adopted Christianity from the Greek Christians speaking ancient Greek. As it is known, the place of the ancient Greek language in the 5th century appeared as a symbiosis of the Iranian and ancient Greek languages. Middle Greek is now better known as the Byzantine language. Armenians were originally a Turkic-speaking people. This is proved by their first Christian records written in "kypchak language". But since their "teachers" were people who spoke ancient Greek, they adopted the church language, most words of which were in ancient Greek. That is why the Armenian language has lost most of its native Turkic words. 

"After the adoption of Christianity in Armenia as an official religion, pagan traditions were brutally persecuted, and today there is little information about Armenian paganism. In 332-338 the king of Armenia was Khossrov III Kotak. In view of the changes in the Araks riverbed and the deteriorating environmental situation, the Tsar built the city of Dvin and relocated its inhabitants there. Movses Khorenatsi says it this way: For at that time Ares was accompanied by the sun, and hot, stink-infested winds blew. Not being able to bear it, Artashat residents voluntarily agreed to resettlement. History of Armenia.   

At that time, "arinshak" was shortened to "arshak", and the arinshak became "ara". Because of the process of shortening the name of the people, Armenians began to call themselves "Armenians". Later, "Armenians" became "Armenians" under the influence of the ancient Greek church language. What the Armenians consider the Arshakid dynasty (aranshaq) as their rulers and the way they call each other ("ara") indicates that their ancestors were "aryn". In the majority of Armenian surnames there is an end of "yang", which suggests their Turkic origin from the end of "dan", "den" and "nan". In this case, the surnames Khachaturyan, Babayan or Jigarkhanyan become derivatives of Qashaturdan ("Kashatur"), Babadan ("Bab") and Zhygarkhannan ("Zhygarkhanan") respectively.

The Christian tradition formed by "Arans" is known as "Aryan Christianity", where the word "Aryan" reveals the true name of the tribe "Aranshaks" as "Aryn". Historians know that Aryan Christianity was in progress not only in the Caucasus, but also in Europe and the Middle East. This flow initially became a derivative of the word "Aryan", and later, when the Armenian nation was formed in the V century, under the influence of the Greek language became "Aryan". There are still Armenian Diasporas in the Middle East, which seem to have been formed back in those unforgettable times. 

Thus, the Kazakh tribe of Argyn and the Aryn dynasty, who once founded the Parthian kingdom and formed the Armenian people under their rule, have a common root. Due to the fact that the native language of the first Armenians is similar to Kazakh, scientists classified the Christian written monuments of Armenians as a Kipchak language group. That is not to the Oghuz dialect of Turkmens and Azerbaijanis, but to the Kazakh language.  


Author: Ayan Aden