«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future»

Kazakhstan and the OECD: prospects for cooperation in the field of Education and Science (Message of the President of Kazakhstan - 2014)

With the new year of 2014, Kazakhstan intends to join the committee of competition of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

  In the modern era of intensive integration and modernization processes, each country tries to adapt, to find their way of development in the modern world. Our state is also develops new technologies, participates in the activities of international organizations and makes significant progress in the field of foreign policy and economic relations. Moreover, it should be noted that in 2010 Kazakhstan chaired the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the period from June 2011 to June 2012 marked the chairmanship at the 38th Council of Foreign Ministers of the Member States (COM) OIC.

  With the new year of 2014, Kazakhstan intends to join the committee of competition of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In the “Message to the Nation 2014", the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev said that the fundamentals of development are being demonstrated by the participating States of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

  The organization itself was formed in 1948 with the aim to coordinate the economic reforms in Europe under the Marshall Plan. It was originally called the Organization for European Economic Cooperation. Declaration was adopted in 1978, but today its provisions sounds very important for both OECD countries and for such countries that have taken a course to join the club of developed countries of the European community. Now it includes 34 countries that produce more than 60 % of world GDP. The president says: “All the participating countries have gone through deep modernization; they have high rates of investment, scientific research, productivity, business development, standards of living. Indicators of OECD countries with regard to their future long-term dynamics, this is the basic guidelines of our way among the 30 developed nations of the world "[1].

  In 2011, Kazakhstan applied for observer status in the four committees of the Council of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), including the Committee on Education. A year earlier, for the first time, Kazakhstan took part in the International Program for evaluation of educational achievements of 15-year-old students PISA- 2009, which allowed us to estimate the knowledge and skills of students of 200 educational institutions. The analysis of the results of Kazakhstan in international comparative studies gives the perspective to work in such areas as the transition to the new standards of education and creation of a national system for monitoring the quality of education. These topics are among the priority areas of education policy, enshrined in the State Program of Education Development of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020.

  The key message of the OECD Declaration on the future policy in the field of education is that in a rapidly changing social and economic context, all of the components of the education system (national standards, teachers, schools, etc.) must be "tuned" to the willingness to accept the changes and become active promoters of innovation. The Constant Development, Empowerment and Equality for the disadvantaged groups of people, cooperation of all stakeholders, these are the three main value props that reflects the spirit of the Declaration. [2] Despite the fact that enough time has elapsed from the date of adoption of this document, we can say that its provisions that a few decades ago sounded as a treatment to the future, today became the basis for the development of educational policy in the countries that seeks to create a competitive economy and a sustainable society .

  If we talk about the prospects of participation of Kazakhstan in international comparative assessment studies, then you can say the following: we embarked on this path, and it is one of the most important outcomes of education policy, which is deliberately pursued by the Government of the country in recent years. These measures are aimed at implementation in Kazakhstan of internationally recognized standards of public administration.

  This policy is enshrined in the "State Program of Education Development in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020", which is the basic document that defines the political and conceptual frameworks for the development of education in the country in the long term. In particular, it is expected that Kazakhstan will participate (along with the already known PISA and TIMSS) in international studies such as: PIRLS - assessment of the level and quality of reading and understanding the text by the primary school pupils; TIMSS-ADVANCED – the evaluation of mathematical and scientific literacy (Physics) of the pupils of 11 classes with an intensive study of these subjects; ICILS – the evaluation of computer and information literacy of students of 8th classes. In addition, it should be noted that the countries included in the OECD organization, usually have the recommendations to join the various thematic and evaluative monitoring studies. In the field of education it is very important for the OECD to participate (along with PISA) in the "International Assessment Program of Adult Competencies” - PIAAC) and a joint study of the OECD and UNESCO "Teachers for the future of schools/Analysis of the World Education Indicators” [2]. Perhaps Kazakhstan will receive an invitation and it will be another opportunity for reflection and further development of the education system of our country within a broad international perspective.

  Thus, our President N.A. Nazarbayev has firmly stated its intention to implement some of the OECD standards in Kazakhstan. In his Message in 2014, he says, "I have set the task to implement in Kazakhstan some of the OECD standards, they will be reflected in the concept (Kazakhstan's joining the top 30 developed countries)" [1].

  In addition, according to the President, "the creation of new high-tech industries will require increased funding of science with not less than 3% of GDP.

  In general, the creation of knowledge-based economy is, above all, an increase of the potential of Kazakhstan science. In this area, we should improve the legislation on venture financing, intellectual property protection, support research and innovation, as well as commercialization of research.

  In order to implement the further plans, the President of Kazakhstan N.A Nazarbayev instructed the Government to create and submit to the Parliament, before September 1 of the current year, a package of relevant bills. The leader of nation noted that there should be a specific plan to gradually increase the funding for specific development of science and discovery, working on the country and bring it to the level of indicators of developed countries.

  In the end, it should be noted that the implementation of these directions and plans, especially in the field of education and science, must take into account the safety and future of our state. In order to do this, you should always be aware that our state should adopt those innovative ideas and technological advances that we will be able to develop in the future and transform into a progressive areas. Therefore, building any plans or projects for the future cannot be entirely copied from the intensive technologies of the Western economic model. Here, first, you should pay attention to the development of some developed countries of the East, particularly in South and Southeast Asia. For example, Japan or Korea. These countries, despite the many internal political and economic difficulties, were not only able to adapt to the modern processes of globalization, learn and improve many technologies of Western countries and rise to a higher level of economic and political development, but also to preserve their identity, language and culture. Thus our main task is to use their historical experience in order to develop and improve our Kazakhstan, find its rightful place in the world community.

List of References

1.   Message of the President of Kazakhstan in 2014 Kazakhstan's Way - 2050: The overarching goal, common interests, common future. - Www.akorda.kz/ru

Organization for Economic Cooperation. - Ru.wikipedia.org / wiki /

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Nesipbayeva Zhibek Zhumabekovna
Nesipbayeva Zhibek Zhumabekovna
The senior researcher at the Institute of History and Ethnology named after C. Valikhanov
The candidate of historical science