During his speech at the meeting of the Interdepartmental working group the Secretary of State of RK M. Tazhin placed emphasison on studying of national history of Kazakhstan that time has set new requirements for the science of history and highlighted the following two aspects:
First, a powerful intellectual movement the French historical school of the first half of the XX century , associated primarily with the names of Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch .
It is obvious that modern history has gone beyond their narrow- disciplinary framework and become an interdisciplinary science. Historical studies have ceased to dwell on the study only written sources and work in the archives. Historical studies worldwide have integrated the methods of many related scientific disciplines - sociology and social psychology, social geography , ethnography , anthropology , cultural studies , history, law, etc.
Second, another qualitative leap in world history - not less grandiose than the first one - was made in the second half of the twentieth century.
Penetration of the methods of phenomenology and hermeneutics in the study of history has changed the very type of historical research. Now the historian is to "understand ", - the scientist who must penetrate into the inner meanings of the studied time , a scientist who must not only learn the facts, and reach 'understanding' values, rules , morals of a particular society .
In this approach, each national history is presented not as an abstract chronological record of societies and civilizations , but as a living history of the people , with all its complexity and uniqueness. The task of the modern historian is not to cram the national history in some rigid framework of certain universal laws , and to understand the development of vibrant, unique body of national history.
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