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Turks of the Eastern Turkistan


Turks of the Eastern Turkistan

Turkic tribes lived on the upper bank of the Tarim River, in the lands between the Alatau and the Pamirs as well as on the Tibetan side.

They are mostly known by the name of the area. For example, Kashgarians and Khotans. In the ancient times, the sedentary people called aria lived in the westernmost part of (Turkestan). In the old times their Khanate was called Kishi (small) by the Chinese. Nowadays they are kunshut and keleket. The large (Ulken) po-lu occupied Belozhtsan, Yasyn, Zhety Aral (seven islands) and a part of Karifstan. According to the Aristov, their tribes are choube, chomi, chuban and others. In the nine century, they were conquered by karliks and turned to Islam. Then they were subordinated by karakidans and then by khoresmshah. Kalmaks and Chinese who called them chan-tu, Kyrgyz, and Sart, also ruled them. Including taranchi, i.e. growers. Chinese seeded the bread near Kuldja. When Muslims conquered Ghulja, taranchi have been left out of Chinese authority, but in 1871, they became subjects of Russia, and when they returned to the Chinese land, many taranchi decided to stay in Russia and settled in the Ili Valley. There is another nation in China that speaks a Turkic language. The Salur tribe that lives in Gansu. According to them, they came to this land in 1370 from Samarkand. There are other dungans, the Chinese Muslims. Their distant ancestors - the ancient Turks Huns. Hundreds of thousands of Huns were captured by the Chinese (and moved into the country). The dungans are the descendants of those Chinese Huns.

From the book of Shakarim Kudayberdy-uly "Genealogy of Turks, Kyrgyz, Kazakhs and their Khan dynasties". Translation by B. Kairbekov. Alma-Ata, Dastan JV, 1990

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