|2003||The Day of the Customs Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan|
|Soviet and Kyrgyz writer, the statesman, Chingiz Aitmatov was born on this date|
12 December 2003
The Day of the Customs Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The history of the Customs is among the oldest dating back centuries and there would be no borders without the Customs!
The First Customs Codes were reflected in the laws of the first leaders of the Great Turkic Khaganate of Bumynk-kagan and Estimi-kagan in the 1st millennium BC. According to the famous historian Herodotus, who described the life of Saka-Massagetae, the customs duties were first applied during the reign of the Saka queen Tomiris (approximately 570-520 years BC); she won a victory over the Persian King Cyrus the Great.
In the XVIII century the first border customs office was established (1782) in the Petropavlovsk region (to prevent smuggling of goods across the border and to establish the taxation system)
The Emblem of Kazakhstan Customs Office. The Customs Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan was established on December 12 1991, today it is The Customs Control Committee of the Ministry of Finance
The flag, emblem and a sign of the Customs Office were approved in 1997
In accordance with a new list of occupational and other holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan dated from November 15, 2003, in Kazakhstan, this holiday is being celebrated on December 12.
Congratulations, dear Customs Officers!
Soviet and Kyrgyz writer, the statesman, Chingiz Aitmatov was born on this date
Chingiz Torekulovich Aitmanov was born on December 12, 1928 in the ail Sheker (Kirghizia), in the family of one the first Kyrgyz Communists. Thanks to the family, the future writer joined the Russian culture, Russian language and literature. In 1937, his father, who held a senior position, was arrested and Chingiz was supposed to become independent. He started to work when he was ten years old, and when he was fourteen, he became the Secretary of ailsoviet and solved the most complex questions of life of a large village. It was a time of World War II and all the adults males were at the front.
After finishing the eighth grade, Aitmatov entered the Dzhambul Zootechnic training college and graduated with honors, after a while he entered the Institute of Agriculture. During his student years, he wrote little notes, articles, essays and published them in the newspapers. After graduation worked as a livestock specialist while continued to write.
In 1952, he published his first tale “Newsboy Dziuio” in Russian. In 1956, he came to Moscow to study at the higher literature courses. Later, when he got back to Kyrgyzstan, he became an editor of the journal “Literary Kyrgyzstan", and for five years he worked as correspondent for the newspaper "Pravda" in Kyrgyzstan. He enjoyed a wide popularity after he published the story "Jamila", which was about love that passed all the tests and about right of the formerly oppressed Kyrgyz women on personal happiness and social activity, it was later included in the book "Tales of the mountains and the steppes". In 1961, he published the novel "My Little Poplar in a red scarf". This was followed by the novels "The First Teacher" (1962), "Mother's Field" (1965), "Goodbye, Gulsary" (1966 ), "White Steamship" (1970 ), etc. His first novel was “The Day Lasts More Than a Hundred Years” ("Buran stop" 1980). In 1988 he published a well-known novel “The scafford”.
The focus of the writer is the problem of “man and society”. His heroes are spiritually strong, humane and active people of the modern era. Aitmanov was a writer and a master of psychological portrait. However, his talent was not limited to just writing the stories: he was also a diplomat and politician, the first ambassador of the USSR in Luxembourg; he then became an ambassador of Kyrgyzstan in Belgium. He was also a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the initiator of an international intellectual movement "The Issyk-Kul Forum".
Chingiz Aitmatov died on June 10, 2008 in a hospital in Nuremberg (Germany), where he was treated. The special holiday “The Day of Kyrgyz national literature”, which is celebrated on December 12, was established in honor of the poet.