COLLECTION OF MATERIALS of International scientific conference «GREAT FAMINE
IN KAZAKHSTAN: TRAGEDY OF
THE NATION AND THE LESSONS OF HISTORY») published in Astana, 2012
This paper poses the following questions: in what extend the sedentarization of the Kazakhs can be considered as the result of a political program or the result of starvation. What role did the famine play in the evolution of the Kazakh society? How can be characterized the settlement policy pursued by Soviet authorities in the context of collectivization and hunger?The settlement policy will be examined, first, as an ideological and modernizing project, which suggests that nomadic pastoralism is an inferior stage of social evolution and seeks to replace it with a «stable and rational» way of agricultural production. Second, the collectivization and famine will be analyzed as major factors of sedentarization and possibly as a practical tool to settle nomadic households in kolkhoz.
The Main Research Assistant of
French National Centre
for Scientific Research (CNRS)