|1916||In 1916 the Decree of Nicholas II on “Requisition of foreigners” to the rear works was released|
|1934||In 1934 was created the Kazakh State orchestra named after Kurmangazy|
|2010||In 2010 N. Nazarbayev signed the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Ratification of the Agreement on the Customs of the Customs Union”|
25 June 1916
June 25, 1916 — Russia’s Czar Nicholas II adopted a decree on the mobilization of the male «alien» population of Turkestan and Steppe region aged 19 to 43 years on the frontline work. Amateurish, dramatic content and insulting form decision was kind of a «trigger» for a large-scale uprising of the indigenous population in most areas of Central Asia and Kazakhstan.
After the bloody events in 1863–1864 in Poland, perhaps, the largest uprising in the national borderlands of the Russian Empire, and even what happened in terms of the First World War. It marked a crisis in the system of imperial control Central Asian possessions of Russia, and the entire Russian colonial policy. Moreover, the uprising in 1916 can be considered one of the signs of the inevitability of the coming collapse of the Russian Empire. It was an event, the consequences of which have influenced the development of historical processes in Central Asia not only, say, during the Civil War, but in a much more distant time periods.
Actually, its consequences affect so far, at least, because the debate about the causes and nature of the uprising substantially continues. And while we cannot say that it is limited to discussions purely historical plan. For quite a long time, but especially after the collapse of the USSR, the theme of the 1916 uprising, in adequate lighting has become part of the process of formation of national consciousness in the former Soviet Central Asian republics, the historic «positioning» and legitimize their national statehood. Consequently, those old events, as, indeed, any significant historical events, albeit indirectly, but continue to influence the situation in the Central Asian countries, primarily on international relations, and, accordingly, on the relations of these countries with Russia.
25 June 1934
Academician A.Zhubanov was the founder of the orchestra. After him about forty years the orchestra was led by People’s Artist of the USSR State Prize winner, Kazakhstan, knight «Parasat» Professor Kazhigaliev Shamgon.
Orchestra is a member of many international and national forums, festivals, competitions, decades, holidays, stands and conferences. He is the holder of the first prize and the title of the winner of the IV World Festival of Youth and Students in Bucharest (1953). He was conferred the honorary title «Honored team republic» (1967), «Academic» (1978) and November 29, 1984 was awarded the Order of Friendship of Peoples. Orchestra presents individual performing school not only in their own country and the CIS, but also abroad — Poland, Romania, Hungary, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Sweden, Portugal, Denmark, India, China, Afghanistan. He’s toured many outstanding soloists: S. Lemeshev, K.Baiseitova, R.Baglanova, L.Zykina, S.Kiizbaeva, B.Tulegenova, R.Dzhamanova, A.Dnishev, G.Esimov, N.Usenbaeva, Zh. Baspakova, Sh. Abilov and others.
25 June 2010