|1837||In 1837, the detachment under the leadership of Isatay crossed the Ural River near the Yamanhalinsk outpost and went into the trans-Ural steppe.|
|1997||In 1997 died the poet, writer, participant of the Great Patriotic War Khamit Yeargaliev|
13 December 1837
The uprising in the little juz under the leadership of I. Taimanov and M. Utemisov (1836-1838).
At the beginning of the 18th century, the czarist regime adopted a few essential reforms that completely changed the political structure of the Kazakh society. The local imperial administration, relying on the khans, sultans and biys, continued the colonial grip of the Kazakh lands, the infringement of the rights of Kazakhs and introduced new taxes. The land crisis, the tax burden, the arbitrariness of imperial officials, the harassment of Zhangir Khan and his family, especially of Karaulhozh Babazhanov, all of those were the causes of the uprising of the Kazakhs under the leadership of Issatay Taimanov and Makhambet Utemisov. The reason for the revolt was the nomination of the son-in-law of Khan Zhangir to be the leader of all Kazakh tribes of Bukeyev Horde, he was known for his cruelty towards the people. The request for his resignation ended as a failure.
The uprising began in February 1836, under the leadership of the warrior, the Sergeant of the Bersh tribe, Issatay Taimanov (1791-1838). His companion was another warrior, a poet of the same kind Makhambet Utemisov (1804-1846). Issatay Taimanov travelled through the villages and urged people to occupy the Cossack lands and the lands of the rich landowners. The system of the Khan’s power and the colonial administration was not effective in the uprising areas. The main events took place in 1837, when the insurgents launched a siege of the positions of Zhangir khan. The number of insurgents has reached more than 2,000 people. They surrounded and conquered several fortresses.
Zhangir Khan, and the local administration were frightened by the scale of the revolt and after a while asked for help to crush the uprising. More than a thousand people were sent in order to stop the revolt. Moreover, the Cossacks from Astrakhan and Ural regions as well as the detachment of the Khan with two guns joined the punitive forces in forts and outposts. Punitive expedition was launched under the leadership of colonel Gek.
The Major battle between rebels and punitive sources happened on November 15, 1837 in the tract Tas-Tube. It was a short and bloody battle. The rebels suffered heavy losses. However the leaders of the uprising have escaped. A reward of 500 silver rubles was announced for the capture of Isatay Taimanov.
On the night of December 13, 1837, the detachment under the leadership of Isatay crossed the Ural River near the Yamanhalinsk outpost and went into the trans-Ural steppe. In this place Isatay and Makhambet began to gather the disparate rebel groups and by the spring of 1838 they had already unite a considerable amount of forces. The punitive forces under the command of Gek, which numbered two hundred of Orenburg and one hundred and fifty of Ural Cossacks as well as five hundred soldiers from the line battalions with 2 guns, were again thrown to suppress the revolt. The battle happened On July 12, 1838 in the Akbulak area near the Kyil River. The rebels showed a great courage but in the end were defeated and almost 500 people were killed. Isatay Taymanov died. The revolt was close to end. Consequences of the uprising were scary for the Kazakhs people. The people who were taking part in the rebellion were captured by the punitive forces. They were punished with the sticks, their property was confiscated, some of them were sent into the exile, and most of them were just killed. That is how this major revolt has finished. Makhambet Utemisov died in 1847.
13 December 1997
At the age of 82 died the people’s writer, laureate of the State premium of Kazakhstan, outstanding poet, participant of the Great Patriotic War Khamit Yergaliev. For years long creative live he made over 40 poetic collections. The great popularity and people’s recognition brought him “Father’s confession”, “Young mother”, “Always in the service”, “Golden cup”, “Yaitsk tunes”, “Kurmangazy”, the cycle of poems “Years, years”. Owing to him the Kazakh literature was enriched with the remarkable translations of Pushkin, Lermontov, Shakespeare, Byron works, participated in the translation of Kyrgyz epos “Manas” and Karakalpak “40 ladies”.