|1993||The introduction of the national currency of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Tenge|
|1993||The Decree “On the terms of finish of circulation of treasury and bank notes of the State Bank of the USSR, issued in 1961-1992, in the area of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and their changing for the national currency.|
|There was a wide range of reform in the different life spheres of the young republic after acquiring the independence in the Republic of Kazakhstan.|
15 November 1993
Kazakhstani Tenge is the national currency of
Kazakhstan. The general notation on the bills and coins is just Tenge. Republic
of Kazakhstan has become one of the last countries of the CIS to implement the
national currency. In 1991 a special design group was established: Mendybayev
Alin, Dosbol Kasymov, Agimsaly Duzelkhanov, Timur Suleimenov and Khayrulla
Coins of nominal 5, 10, 20, 50 and 2000 banknote
were introduced. On November 15, 1993 the President of the Republic of
Kazakhstan issued a decree “On introduction of the national currency of the
Republic of Kazakhstan”. On November 15, 1993 tenge has been issued in the
ratio of 1 tenge – 500 USSR rubles. In 1995, Kazakhstan has opened banknote
The first batch of tenge was printed abroad, in England. The first fractional money - tiyn (1/100 part of tenge) - is in the form of banknotes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 tiyn.
The first coins came from Germany.
In 1994, 200 tenge banknote, sample in 1993 and 500 tenge, sample in 1994;
In 1995, 1000 tenge banknote, sample in 1994;
In 1996, 2000 tenge banknote, sample in 1996;
In 1997, coins of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 tenge (new design);
In 1999, 5,000 tenge banknote, sample in 1998;
In 2000, 200 and 500 tenge banknotes, sample in 1999 (amended design);
Banknotes of 1000 and 2000 tenge, sample in 2000 (amended design);
100 tenge banknote, sample in 2001 (partly modified design);
Commemorative banknote of 5000 tenge, sample in 2001, dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
5000 tenge banknote, sample in 2001 (partially redesigned);
Coin of 100 tenge, sample in 2001;
Banknotes of 200 and 500 tenge, sample in 1999 (partly modified design)
In 2003 10,000 tenge banknote, sample in 2003;
In 2006 are available in the new design banknotes denominated from 200 to 10,000 tenge.
On January, 5 2010 some commemorative banknotes were issued in denominations of one thousand tenge sample in 2010, devoted to Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the OSCE.
On January, 17 the National Bank of Kazakhstan issued a commemorative banknote of 2000 tenge devoted to the continental games. The Seventh Asian Winter Games - "Asian Games 2011".
On May, 25 2011 a new commemorative banknote of 1000 tenge was put into circulation and it was devoted to Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the Organization of the Islamic Conference.
On July 4, 2011 to mark the 20th anniversary of the independence of the Republic, the National Bank of Kazakhstan has issued a commemorative banknot with the par value of 10,000 tenge.
15 November 1993
Money reform of 1993 proved to be one of the main reforms in development of national economy.
Maximal value of money, which one person might change, couldn’t exceed 1000 roubles. Pensioners were allowed to change no more than 200 roubles. The owners of sums, exceeding the limit, had to apply to a special commission with a declaration concerning the sources of income.
Limits for deposit payment were introduced simultaneously since January, 23 1991. Deposits were paid by savings banks only domiciliary in sum no more than 500 roubles per month, and the note in passport indicated that.
As a result of “Pavlov’s” reform 8 billion roubles were withdrawn from circulation, legality of which hadn’t been proved.
However, this step didn’t influence the purchase power of rouble. Prices release impacted its unrestrained growth.
There was a universal downswing simultaneously with the growth of money supply in circulation in the conditions of perestroika. Goods and foods, in general, were exported from abroad. Necessary currency for that in amount of 1/63 billion dollars had been got for account of gold’s payment: in1989 – 300 t, in 1990 – 234 t.
In 1990 emission of cash amounted to 25 billion roubles, which was much more than the sum for 1981-1985 together. Giant money supply didn’t correspond to almost empty consumer’s market.
The Decree of the President and enactment of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR “On cessation of receipt for payment of banknotes of State Bank of the USSR with a value of 50 and 100 roubles of the pattern of 1961and on the order of its changing and limitation of cash payment from the deposits”. Banknotes of the similar value, printed in 1991, were introduced in circulation. Three days were given for individuals to change old money to the new one.
Soviet money, rouble, had been succeeded by all post-soviet states at the first stage of independent development, including the countries, which didn’t join CIS, after the collapse of the USSR. Due to the range of reasons, first of all, of political character, conditioned by the rush of new states towards the political independence, as well as impossibility of rapid legislative unification in the conditions of changing the model of social Directive economy for market economy, saving of united currency zone was doomed to failure.
The process of money disintegration after the USSR collapsed was very difficult and finished with introduction of the own national currencies by all post-soviet states.
All 15 national banks, independent on each other, considered to be in the role of the Central banks, right after the declaration of sovereignty by the republics of the USSR.
After the collapse in December, Kazakhstan, as well as the other states of CIS continued to become in “rouble zone”. In 1992 the banknotes of large value 200, 500 and 100 roubles were printed. Stated bank of the USSR, which didn’t exist already, was marked as its issuer. The first Russian banknote – 5000 roubles, was issued, and earlier 10000 and 50000 roubles.
Central Bank of Russia reported about withdrawal of soviet banknotes, issued in 1961-1992, as well as the similar Russian banknotes on July, 23.
Money reform in Russia led to mass money discharge to the states of CIS, including Kazakhstan.
The government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, having understood that it was thoughtless to rely on Russian rouble only, made steps towards the issue of its own currency in the first part of 1992.
The contract for issue of new money was concluded with English company “Harrison”. In 1993 the banknotes with value 1, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 tenge were brought to Kazakhstan. They were provided with 18 degrees of protection from counterfeits.The President N.A. Nazarbayev signed a decree “On the introduction of national currency of the republic of Kazakhstan” on November, 12, 1993. National currency – tenge, was introduced on the basis of this decree from 8 o’clock, November, 15.