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12 July

12 July 1838

In 1838, the battle happened near Akbulak area

The reason for the anti-colonial and anti-feudal uprising was the appointment in 1833 of Zhangir Khan’s son-in-law Karaulkozhi Babazhanova as the ruler of Kazakh tribes that roamed near the Caspian Sea. Uprising in Junior Horde divided into three stages: 1833 — 1836 years — the formation of the main prerequisites for the uprising; beginning — end of 1837 — the period of development of the uprising, collision of tsar’s punitive troops with khan’s subordinates; December 1837 — July 1838 — the period of weakening the forces of the rebels and their defeat. The main driving force behind the uprising is Kazakh sharua.
A number of elders and biis (judges) representatives attended it together with them. The uprising was led by elders Issatay Taimanov and Makhambet Utemisov. The main goal of the movement is to limit khan’s power, the advancement of sharua and changing land colonial policy of the tsarist government. These requirements sharua coincided with the interests of a number of groups biis, and elders who dissatisfied with khan’s arbitrariness. By the end of October 1837 the rebels had surrounded the residence of the khan. December 13, 1837, breaking through the barrage near network Zhamankalinsk fortress Issatay managed to escape to the east. Isatay’s arrival to Junior Juz coincided with displacement of sharua, caused by uprising of Kenesary Kasymov.

During this period Issatay temporarily staying in office Nazar of Shekty tribe, made an attempt to re-upraise. Fugitive Kazakhs of the Horde again rallied around him: in January 1838 Issatay’s squad approached the Lake District Shoshkakol and the Mountain Fortress, posing a threat to the Ural military line. Being feared by the Issatay’s attack to the Inner Horde Perovsky took extraordinary methods to better protection of fortresses. July 12, 1838 the military forces on both sides of the Akbulak area began last battle in which Issatay was seriously injured and subsequently shot. The uprising was crushed, rebel groups as in Inner Horde and the main territory of the Little Horde, were divided; death squads were much better armed, had military training, there are numerous reserves and garrison; they acted together with khan’s supporters. Although, rebellion was defeated it had some positive effects. Limit for the annual tax increases in favor of the sultan group, khan’s court and his relatives was set. The imperial government was forced to reckon with the elders of Kazakh villages who supported the uprising. In general, the historical significance of the uprising lay in the fact that it was on its content liberation directed against colonialism and against social oppression.

12 July 1993

In 1993, the International Organization for the joint development of Turkic culture was founded

July 12, 1993 in Almaty, the Organization of the joint development of Turkic culture and art, whose main goal is cooperation between the Turkic peoples to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations common material and cultural monuments of Turkic peoples was created. Headquartered is located in Ankara, the current CEO of the organization is Dusen Kaseinov, the former Minister of Culture of Kazakhstan, whose role in the organization of TURKSOY and implementation of its plans is very high. In 1996, a formal partnership between TURKSOY and UNESCO, including joint consultation and mutual representation was launched.