|1889||In 1889, the Law "On the resettlement of rural inhabitants and lower middle class to crown lands" was adopted|
|Russian government adopted a special provision "On voluntary removal of rural inhabitants and burghers to public lands"|
13 July 1889
In 1889 the Law «On removal of rural inhabitants and burghers to public lands» was adopted. In 1891 and 1892 the Law acted in Turgay and the Ural regions. According to the Law, removal was concentrated in the hands of the government, and it was required a special permission for migration to the eastern areas; unauthorized relocation was limited. However the tsarist authorities could not stop the resettlement process. Farmers continued occupation of Kazakh lands. Poor harvest in 1891–1892 caused mass migration of peasants from European Russia to the East in search of free land. During this period, around thirty thousand peasants crossed the Ural river and twelve thousand moved to Semirechensk and Syr Darya regions.