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Events calendar

8 February

8 February 1830

Birthday of the scientist, educator, anthropologist and ruler of Bukeyev horde Makash Bekmuhambetov.

  Makash the Ruler: the experience of serving the people

  At any time, in any country or in any region, as in our case has always had its leaders who played a prominent role in the development of the city or the entire state. The neighbors cherish their names in the memory; they remember everything they have done for the people. The social activist, scientist, educator, anthropologist Makash (Mukhambetzhan) Sholtyruly Bekmukhambetov, who ruled, for almost half a century in the second half of the 19th century, the first and second coastal areas, which were located between the Volga and Ural.

  He was born in 1830 on the territory of the rural district of Makash Kurmangazy district of the Bukeyev Horde. If we talk about the environment in which he was born, the distant ancestors of Makash were respectable people, Bies batyrs, who defended the independence of the country. The famous warriors of Koyys and Derbis ("Koyys pen Derbіs cert etken, cert etken zhauyn meshіt etken") and Turk bi, they were highly respected by the common people and Turymbet Pusyrman at the time of Srym Datov.

  The grandfather of Makash, Bekpembet, (in Russian documents Bekmukhambet) Bukei was one of 12 closed people of Zhangir Khan. His father Sholtyr was a well-known leader of a tribe (py). His mother was a granddaughter of unsurpassed master of words, the famous poet Saret, the daughter of biy Zhubanysh, was named "bi-daughter of Bekpembet", wise Kamka.

  He got his private education at the rural mullah, and then continued his studies at the school of Zhangir Khan, where the teachers were trying to give the European education. In 1844 -1851, Makash was educated in Orenburg cadet corps named after Nepluef, after which he received the rank of sergeant.

  Later, in 1859, he was awarded with the rank of centurion and in 1864 the title of captain. In 1855, he became the ruler of the Second, and in 1868-1886, of the First and Second Districts, in 1886-1893 he ruled the Second district. From April 23, 1894 to 1897, he served as adviser to the Interim Council. He was awarded with the orders of St. Stanislaus of the 2nd degree, St. Anne of the 2nd degree and St. Vladimir of the 4th degree, for the special merits in the management of entrusted districts. If you look at the order of  the state awards of the Russian government, you can see that the above awards were given to this or that person for special achievements in the governance of the country, for their efforts in the development of education and culture, to maintain and improve the health of the people.

  In 1896, he presented, along with the local mayor Uteshkali Ataniyazov, the layout of the Kazakh yurt, which was made from velvet and gold, to the King. During this trip, they earnestly requested the administration of tsarist Russia to save the people of Kazakhstan from the baptism and allow them to remain in their former Muslim faith. In addition, they were asked to help with funds for landscaping and planting flowers in the territory of the Second seaside county, which at that time was one of the environmentally disadvantaged areas because of the deep soil erosion.

  Eventually all of their requests were accepted. The planting of sedges, tamarisk, kumarshik and of the elm and other shrubs along the riverside, was made in the sand dunes in the steppe zones. In order to do this, the workers were selected to care for green spaces and the huntsmen were recruited.

  Later, in 1910, in Astrakhan, he published a book "The nomadic Kazakhs and Kalmyks in the Astrakhan province." The book includes the article of member of society on the study of the Astrakhan Region G.I. Shcherbakov "The Kyrgyz (Kazakh) steppes in Bukeyev Horde", which analyzed the works of Makash.

  Some manuscripts of Makash preserved in the Public Library named after Saltykov-Shchedrin in St. Petersburg, in the fund of the professor of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences I.N. Berezin. Some of them were collected and published over the years in a book by the author of these lines ("Makash mayor", Almaty, "Aris", 2004).

  Along with this, we can say that M. Bekmukhambetov pushed the temporal boundaries of history of the Kazakh literature of the 17th century into the 15th century, that is, three years ago. Evidence of that is the collected materials of the people who lived in those times, the poets Shalkiiz, Dospambet, Zhiembet zhyrau and Eset bi, which he issued separately and published it in Kazan in 1908, a book called "Zhaksy ugіt", which included his own translations of the fables of I. Krylov "Choosy bride", "Donkey and the Nightingale."