Sameke khan (Shahmuhamed khan, Shemyak in Russian sources), (date of birth unknown – around 1738) was the khan of Middle horde (1724–1738) and the son of Tauke khan. Sameke’s headquarter was in Turkestan. He controlled several tribes of Naimans, Kipchaks and Argyns. In domestic policy he sought to unite the general Middle horde. In foreign policy fought against aggressive action of Dzhungars and Central Asian khanates. In 1723 united with Abylkhair for a joint struggle with the Volga Kalmyks. In 1726 he went on second major campaign to Small Kalmyk horde in Volga. The campaigns to uluses of Kalmyk Taiji Lobji committed by Kazakh troops of dzhigits headed by Sameke khan, Yesim sultan and Barak, resulted in large bloody battle between the Kazakhs and the combined forces of Taiji Dorji, Lobji and Donduk. After a four-day siege of the Kazakh army by Kalmyks, the parties agreed to a truce. These campaigns have a strategic importance in the liberation of the Kazakh lands from Kalmyks. Sameke khan sought support from Russia to fight against external and internal enemies. December15, 1731, in order to establish ties with Russia held talks with A.Tevkelev.Sameke khan left a mark on history as a bright fighter for the independence of his people.
Sameke khan was the khan of Middle juz from 1719 to 1734.
In 1723, the Kyrgyz people experienced historical mayhem when pressurized Jungars Kyrgyz fled toward Khujand, crossed the Syr Darya near the present village of the Horse and fell exhausted from hunger at the lake Alka-Kol (River Alka). This flight is called “Aktaban chuburundy, River Alka Sulam”. From there the hungry crowd moved to Bukhara and Samarkand and plunged into hunger and sedentary population of Turkestan. From 1725 to 1726 years Uisyn took an active part in the victorious offensive against Jungars when managed for the last drop River Ili. In 1726, when embittered old Abulhair Samek half of the Kyrgyz people have gone to the Russian border to disrupt pobedonostnuyu company Uisyn were compelled to obey dzhungar from which freed in 1757-1758 years. Thereafter Dulaty owned Tashkent and were expelled in 1798 by a coalition of citizens and Kyrgyz tribes Canley, Chanshkly and Ramadan, whose descendants now live in Tashkent district.
Source: Kazakhstan, National Encyclopedia, Volume 4